Astronomy, considered to be
the oldest of the physical sciences, is believed first developed to satisfy manís
need for recording time over the long term. By plotting the movement of the stars, sun, and
moon, proper seasons and time periods could be recorded and predicted.
Navigation also learned the value of astronomy.
Following the orthodox view of history, all this
occurred in order of a timeline with the first big breakthrough coming with
Galileo Galilei, (1564-1642). He was the first to use the telescope in
astronomical observation and discovered craters on the moon, the true nature of
planets, and the details of the sun. He also contradicted the ancient belief of
the perfection of the heavens and found himself the target of the Inquisition.
He was eventually forced to deny the truths he had discovered.
The ancient civilizations, from all that science reveals,
knew only the basics. There is a sun, the moon, and stars that move with
regularity through the sky. They did not know they were on a planet orbiting a
sun, which, itself, is a star. They knew nothing about the other planets and only
what the human eye could detect about the moon.
But, were ancient civilizations as ignorant
as the experts would have us believe? Did the ancients know considerably
more and how did they learn it? Were they visited by beings who taught
them what we only discovered in modern times? Or did all that knowledge
just miraculously appear, then disappear?
The Great Pyramid and Star Catcher at Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza and the Giza complex
itself display a knowledge of astronomy not even possessed by the culture to which it's construction is
Great Pyramid At Giza - Star Alignment
The Great Pyramid - Symbolism Summary
Star Shafts in the Great Pyramid
Star Hopping in the Great Pyramid
One of about 900 megalithic circles in the British Isles
Sir J. Norman Lockyer's Stonehenge Alignments
Was Stonehenge a Stellar Observatory
Light box tombs
Tombs from primitive cultures are accurately
aligned to capture the light from the Sun and the Moon.
Light Box Tomb at Carrowkeel
Crantit Light Box Tomb and
and the Winter Solstice
The Newgrange Neolithic Complex in Ireland
Stone circles are found all over the world, but are
heavily concentrated by the thousands in Europe.
Callanish: Stonehenge of the North
Alastair's Stone Circle Pages
Stone Circles of The Gambia
British Stone Circles
Stone Circles and Cairns of Scotland
North American Ancient Astronomy
Astronomical knowledge was an integral part of the
ancient cultures of North America.
Poverty Point, Louisiana, An Earthen Stonehenge
Mystery Hill - America's Stonehenge
Astronomy at Chaco Canyon
Solar Astronomy in the Prehistoric Southwest
Crack Cave in Colorado and
Native American Star Knowledge
The Mayan culture had a knowledge of stars far
beyond their primitive time.
Maya Astronomy and the Dresden Codex
The study of ancient astronomical knowledge and
practice in ancient cultures.
Introduction to Archaeoastronomy
Archaeoastronomy, Ancient Astronomy and Ethnoastronomy
Archaeoastronomy in Gotland Sweden
Stone circles that have astonishing alignments
Stone Wheels as Analog Star Computers
Mystery of the Medicine Wheels
Big Horn Medicine Wheel
Galileo was not the first.
Ancient Assyrian Telescope
Perfect Viking Telescope Lens
Ancient observatories are found worldwide.
Beijing Ancient Observatory
Chichen Itza Observatory Detail
This "primitive" tribe had star knowledge only telescopes
Dogon Theory of Creation
Dogon tribe of Mali,
Dogon tribeí Star Fixation
World Star Knowledge
The links presented in this section are but a small portion
of those available. Here are a few more,
Ancient Structural Star Maps
Babylonian Planetary Theory
Ancient Astronomy in Japan
The Mapmakers from the Ice Age
Egyptians and the Constellations
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