SCIENCE FACT OR SCIENCE FICTION
the published information available about the Great Pyramid based on credible
or the imagination of scientists that need good stories to fill their publishing quotas?
learn the truth all must be questioned.
The Great Pyramid has always been a mysterious symbol. It has attracted the
attention of a virtual directory of the orthodox as well as unconventional
disciplines. Every stripe from astronomers to psychics has measured,
prodded, speculated, meditated, dowsed, and astral projected under, over,
around, and through this the greatest of all landmarks. Alexander the
Great studied it and Napoleon even spent the night inside alone. However
the biggest mystery involved and probably the only man-made aspect of this
structure is the wealth of misinformation and grossly exaggerated speculation
about it. In an attempt to fill an historical vacuum those " in
authority " have put forth a series of less than factual based theories
about its age, its builders, and purpose. Any encyclopedia or general
reference work will be sufficient to capsulate the total lack of knowledge the
recognized experts have. Here in a nutshell is what most people know about the
most spectacular building ever constructed. Khufu, a mysterious
pharaoh who ruled Egypt between 2551-2528 BC, needed a tomb. So he spent
the better part of his short life either employing or enslaving hundreds of
thousands of laborers for 20 years in the most intense and complicated building
project ever undertaken. This is the basic theorem of most reference works
and is usually followed by some bizarre scenario of how he did this on such a
grand scale with so little time. And thatís it. The level of
information given in the standard works available might make for an adequate
junior high school report but only if the information was correct. And it is
not. This haphazard, mystifying, and narrow-minded approach to this structure is
nothing short of baffling.
Thatís what they do tell us. This is what they donít tell us. It is seldom mentioned that the Great Pyramid covers an area large enough to hold 10 football fields, 7 soccer fields, 27 miles of sidewalk, or 250 single story, two bedroom homes. They do not go into much detail about things like this because they cant explain it They cant explain how 47 centuries ago, with no surveying knowledge or technology, no earth moving, grading or leveling devices, and no understanding of geology that anyone could level a massive area almost 600,000 square feet level to within Ĺ of an inch of perfect. Without tools and technology it would be almost impossible to level even a small parking lot with such accuracy. Almost 5000 years of incredible advances in construction techniques and equipment and it is doubtful such an achievement could be duplicated even today. Major industrial contractors not only say it is not possible but are at a loss to explain how it could have been done originally. And this is the foundation, the beginning, not the whole structure. The way a builder starts the project, the accuracy of the layout, and the preparation of the site reflects the quality and craftsmanship of that builder. And true to the start this incredible precision is carried throughout the Great Pyramid, bottom to top, inside and out. Two and a half million blocks, none weighing less than a ton, for a combined total of 90 million cubic feet weighing 6.5 million tons, soaring to almost 500 feet, perfectly cut, transported and precisely placed so perfectly a razor cant fit in the joints. And the Egyptians that supposedly built it didnít even have a wheel or a compass. The reason they donít try to explain this is they canít and donít want to accept or admit the truth. The orthodox hierarchy apparently thinks that its antiquated theories if repeated often enough will somehow magically become truth. Not to say that the majority of the public doesnít blindly accept the obviously impossible. But all the titles, and positions, and publishing credits cant change one basic truth. The technology and tools available in the 27th century BC could not and did not build the largest and most precise structure ever erected on this planet.
KHUFU THE WORLD'S GREATEST ARCHITECT?
The pharaoh who supposedly commissioned the project is a virtual unknown as is
most of the information of his day. There are few records of his reign and
only vague references to his association with the Great Pyramid. The only
physical image of Khufu is a four inch high ivory seated figure, found in the
temple of Abydos, some over 250 miles to the south of the Giza complex. There
are also images of flying vehicles at Abydos. Of the few written references
to Khufu one is recorded on an ancient stone tablet called the 'Inventory
Stele', found at Giza in the mid 1800s, now at the Cairo Museum. It speaks
of Khufu's restoration of a small temple in the Giza complex, and an indication
that the Sphinx and the Sphinx Temple were already In existence in Khufu's day
and also intimates that the Great Pyramid itself was a well established monument
before his reign. There are no records of his day even remotely referring
to him as its builder. Not until 2200 years after the supposed date of
construction did anyone attempt to give him credit for this awesome feat.
Enter Herodotus, a Greek historian of the 5th century BC (a writer, not an
anthropologist), who wrote "
The Histories ", a travel almanac he wrote while on an historical quest. He
claims that 100,000 men spent 20 years putting this puzzle together. What we do
know is that most of his writings about the Great Pyramid are based on
interviews with priests. No consideration is given to the fact that they
are relating information about a time 22 centuries before. Also there is
the fact that the method of construction proposed is based on his personal
speculation, not any given facts. Knowing nothing about the true
complexity of this structure all he did was put forth his very unlearned
opinion. Yet the experts, who simply repeat as facts what scientists,
blindly accept his opinion as truth and engineers say is nothing more than
factual heresy. It is a little known fact that Herodotus recorded that these
same priests also spoke about other things. These priests told Heroditus that
their priesthood had existed for over a hundred centuries and that before that
the gods had been on Earth coexisting with mankind. Do we read in the
authoritative writings that there was a real race of real gods living with
mankind 11,000 years ago in Egypt? No! And why not, considering that
their words about the authorship of the Great Pyramid are accepted as historical
fact? If their information about planet dwelling gods is true then what we
have is a stunning revelation that would certainly change the course of history
and alter the view of life for the entire world! As a matter of fact it
would confirm the very theories proposed by those that the orthodoxy considers
as radical fringe. Not to mention that this would explain why we see highly
advanced mathematics and engineering in this structure. But if they
donít talk about this aspect of the priestly interview and their divine
revelations, (which obviously are more important than Khufu), then we must
assume that they donít believe in the god living with man connection. If
this were suspect then logic would support the supposition that anything the
priests spoke about should be questioned. Khufu's name was found, under
mysterious circumstances, on a granite slab above the ceiling of the main
chamber of the Great Pyramid as some small roughly scribbled chalk marks
that had a slight resemblance to a hieroglyphic symbol for the name of Khufu.
However this discovery is suspect to say the least and appears to have been
planted to further the career and not surprisingly to save the funding, of its
author. Most hieroglyph experts now believe this is a forgery
perpetrated by Richard Howard-Vyse the man who found them. The discovery was
instantly questioned because of its timing. Apparently there had been a
thorough search of the area of his find the day before but this incredible find
went undiscovered until he returned the next day and spent time alone in the
chamber. Also apparent was that Howard-Vyse was under pressure to equal the
discoveries of the explorer Caviglia, who found inscriptions in tombs within the
Giza complex. Modern experts suspect this find was an attempt to win a
battle for one-upmanship and counter severe financial pressure from an expensive
and unfruitful project. There is no reliable evidence that Khufu built
THE MAGNIFICENT TOMB?
The facts literally bury this fanciful notion that the pyramid was designed as a tomb. First, no evidence that it was ever intended to be a tomb for Khufu or anyone else exists. The only remnant we have of this purported great architect and builder is the small statue found in a funerary complex near the Great Pyramid with inscriptions citing Cheops / Khufu as the reigning pharaoh of the time of the building of that complex. There is no mention of him being the builder of the Great Pyramid. There were no articles, fragments, records, or traces of any kind showing any evidence that this pyramid was ever used for a burial, period! Added to this weak foundation of theory is one overwhelming fact. Within the 100+ pyramids in Egypt not one body has ever been found, not even inside sealed sarcophagi. On the Inventory Stele dated about 1500 BC, Khufu tells of discoveries made while clearing away the sands from the pyramid, of his dedication of the monument to Isis, and of his building of the three small pyramids for himself, his wife, and his daughters next to the Great Pyramid. Again no mention that he was the builder of the Great Pyramid or that it was his personal mausoleum. Not one of the rulers of the Egyptís fourth dynasty period put personal inscriptions on the pyramids supposedly built in their times. However from the fifth dynasty forward the other pyramids were covered with text, leaving no question about which kings built them. It defies logic that a man so enamored with himself that he builds the worldís largest structure to house his dead body would leave not one shred of evidence that he did it. Hardly what one would expect from historyís number one narcissist. No, it is more likely that Khufu only did what is truly recorded, digging it out of untold centuries of built up sand.
HISTORY'S GREATEST CONSTRUCTION CREW?
Of all the information commonly available about the Great Pyramid the methods of
construction proposed by the 'experts' can probably be categorized as absolute
and very bad fiction. From the foundation it sits upon to watertight
mantle that once covered it, every aspect of the Great Pyramid defies the
primitive state of knowledge of the 27th century BC. The tools required
for such precision cutting of such massive stones simply did not exist.
The higher mathematics employed was not even known for many centuries in the
future. The equipment required to move and assemble the millions of
components does not even exist today. And we are expected to believe that
without even the most basic tool, the wheel, and math so primitive that the
number 0 had not even been discovered, they achieved a feat, which we may not be
able to duplicate for decades if not centuries to come. Just the design
would take a computer to produce. Even a weekend handyman can testify that you
canít do a job without the proper tools. You canít cleanly shear off the top
of a granite mountain with copper chisels, but thatís what they claim was
done. They had no steel or explosives. Brute strength, no matter how
many bodies are working, and no matter how long it is applied wonít accomplish
the impossible. The one thing we can be certain about is this. Not
hundreds of thousands, or for that matter, not even hundreds of millions of
slaves could have built this magnificent monument without technology they did
not fathom, nor without tools they did not possess.
There is only one indicator of the possible age of the Great
Pyramid other than speculation and hearsay. In the 1980ís the Great Pyramid
was radiocarbon dated, not the stone, but the mortar. Mortar can be used
to date fragments of organic material, such as wood and carbon residue, which
are sometimes found embedded in the mortar between the stone blocks. The
radiocarbon dates for the Great Pyramid ranged from 2853 to 3809 BC, the average
being 3029 BC, which would make the pyramid some 400 years older than, is
currently believed. But two factors must be taken into this equation.
The reliability of radiocarbon dating has been called into question on many
occasions so this must be considered in that light. And of course the fact
that the Ďmortar Ď has not been identified so what effect that has on the
figures is unknown. Of more obvious concern are the why and the who which if
discovered could greatly diminish the importance of the when.
A practical look at the scenario as speculated by Herodotus, is only fair, at
least for the sake of objectivity. Herodotus used the 20-year time frame.
Since we are told that the laborers were either slaves or fanatically dedicated
to a god king we must therefore assume the crews were forging ahead with all
possible speed. Dawn to dusk is a good brisk pace and only logical
considering the absence of light during the other 12 hours. So let us
assume they worked 12 hours a day. To assume that they worked 365 days a
year for twenty years straight in a super-heavy construction environment is
really stretching it. Floods, storms, (both water and dust varieties),
earthquakes, and holidays (certainly Khufu had his share) would take their toll
on progress. Even modern building projects have their share of
construction delays. Every thing factored in and with good luck a year
round average of 6 full days a week is a reasonable number
divided by 20 years = 125,000 blocks per year.
divided by 312 days per year = 400 blocks per day.
divided by 12 hours per day = 33+ blocks per hour.
33 blocks per
hour = 1 block bonded perfectly in place in less than two minutes.
And placing the blocks in the precise position was not the only task. Each block
weighing at least a ton was cut from a quarry using primitive tools, at best.
But right there we run into a serious snag. They had no tools capable of
cutting stone almost perfectly square and in the case of the outer blocks to fit
a curved pattern especially to tolerances from .02 to .002 of an inch. To date
no tools made form materials capable of cutting even the softest of stones used
in the structure have ever been found and history tells us such technology
did not exist. The only tools the "experts" claim they used were made
of copper and bronze, metals that cannot cut stone. A modern carpentry saw is
much harder than any metal the indigenous peoples of Egypt possessed yet such a
saw could not stand up to the simple task of cutting a small red brick and could
only scratch granite.
Each of the 2.5 million blocks was transported 10 to 600 miles to the building
site using no wheels, over forbidding terrain that would give a tank a run for
its money. Since the closest quarries are 10 miles away and no stones weighed
less than a ton the transporting of this volume of material over rough terrain
was totally impractical and beyond realistic. Trees were a limited
commodity in Egypt and then mainly palm trees, which would be useless for
construction purposes. The closest usable trees were hundreds of miles
away and would have taken a virtual armada of cargo vessels and a massive
transportation network just to keep the wood supply flowing.
This fleet would be larger than all the sailing craft Egypt possessed in
itís entire early history.
Thirteen billion pounds of massive blocks had to be floated across the Nile
River against a powerful downstream current in all conditions on barges bigger
than those we have today with no power. One of the serious questions posed
is whether it was humanly possible to transport any of these massive stones
across the Nile at all. There is no evidence that we can build barges
today that are large enough to float such tremendous weight in such shallow
environs. Each block was loaded on and off those barges without sinking
them and with no cranes or winches. Some of the blocks weighed in at
150,000 pounds or the weight of a modern locomotive. They had to be lifted up in
the air, dropped on a barge, and then lifted off the barge across the river.
There is no evidence of the materials, lifting mechanisms, or navigation
techniques that would be essential to such a massive marine operation. And there
is no evidence that such technology existed in this society that was in a
primitive state at best.
Every piece was dragged uphill to 400 feet above river level and pushed or
pulled up a 50-degree incline. The orthodox explanation of how this was
done involves the use of ramps. Ramps might be the answer for at least
this part of these feats of wonder that these primitive builders supposedly
easily accomplished except for two problems. First Danish engineer, P.
Garde-Hanson, proposed that such a ramp would require 600 million cubic feet of
material, this representing more than seven times the amount of material in the
pyramid itself. Secondly these imaginary ramps had to be removed, meaning
that the material used for the ramps had to be put somewhere. If such a
pile were flattened out to a level of one foot it would spread out over an area
of over twenty square miles. It has never been found and this much material
simply cannot be hidden. Ramps were not used.
Each component was then placed and cemented perfectly next to its neighboring
blocks 1/50 of an inch away. But not just jostling into place. The stones were
not chipped or gouged even on the corners which defies the reality that orthodox
methods of placement present. Dragging, rolling, levering, and hoisting
with unsophisticated equipment and primitive tools would doubtless leave
considerable damage on such finely cut surfaces. Which means that the
indigenous peoples of 2500 BC did not place these blocks. Not to mention
that the material they used to cement the blocks is of unknown origin.
And finally the most incredible feat each massive block was tailored from the
beginning to fit exactly into a 2.5
piece, 481 foot high, 90 million cubic foot, 13 billion pound, absolutely
baffling, and amazingly accurate
Each one of the above feats is a monumental technological accomplishment in its
own right. It is safe to say that even using the best technology and
equipment available today that the Herodotus theory is impossible. For the
modern day orthodox pyramidologists to so readily accept and authoritatively
teach this as doctrine is illogical. So why teach it? Perhaps they
feel that spouting impractical theories is preferable to admitting ignorance.
Do they have the ivory tower complex and feel that the unworthy masses donít
deserve the truth. Whatever the reason it is wrong and they are wrong for
teaching a ridiculous and downright laughable theory as truth.
THE INEVITABLE CONCLUSION
It is safe to say that just this cursory view of the Great Pyramid brings the fanatically accepted and widely disseminated orthodox doctrines of human builders into serious doubt. With blustery pomposity and callous disregard for glaring contradictions to their antiquated theories they draw a shadowy veil over the worldís largest enigma. And this is more serious than overprotective academic snobbery. This is the largest and possibly oldest building on earth. Considering the incredible engineering in this structure it makes no sense to tout a millenniums old hypothesis. Many attempts have been made to try and duplicate the original builderís mysterious construction methods and have proven nothing. What is telling have been attempts recently to just move some of the blocks in the structure for renovation purposes. The blocks could not be shifted by any conventional techniques and had to be broken up into smaller pieces just to move them. Demolition would be out of the question. So what kind of an ego could insist that technologically ancient man could have built such a wonder when modern space age man canít even tear it down? No, men did not build the Great Pyramid. Someone or something with knowledge and tools far beyond our understanding built it. All the doctorates, titles, publishing credits, and institutions in the world cannot and will not change that fact.
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