SCIENCE FACT OR SCIENCE FICTION

Is the published information available about the Great Pyramid based on credible facts 
or the imagination of scientists that need good stories to fill their publishing quotas?

To learn the truth all must be questioned.

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE?

        The Great Pyramid has always been a mysterious symbol. It has attracted the attention of a virtual directory of the orthodox as well as unconventional disciplines.  Every stripe from astronomers to psychics has measured, prodded, speculated, meditated, dowsed, and astral projected under, over, around, and through this the greatest of all landmarks.  Alexander the Great studied it and Napoleon even spent the night inside alone.  However the biggest mystery involved and probably the only man-made aspect of this structure is the wealth of misinformation and grossly exaggerated speculation about it.  In an attempt to fill an historical vacuum those " in authority " have put forth a series of less than factual based theories about its age, its builders, and purpose.  Any encyclopedia or general reference work will be sufficient to capsulate the total lack of knowledge the recognized experts have. Here in a nutshell is what most people know about the most spectacular building ever constructed.   Khufu, a mysterious pharaoh who ruled Egypt between 2551-2528 BC, needed a tomb.  So he spent the better part of his short life either employing or enslaving hundreds of thousands of laborers for 20 years in the most intense and complicated building project ever undertaken.  This is the basic theorem of most reference works and is usually followed by some bizarre scenario of how he did this on such a grand scale with so little time.  And thatís it.  The level of information given in the standard works available might make for an adequate junior high school report but only if the information was correct. And it is not. This haphazard, mystifying, and narrow-minded approach to this structure is nothing short of baffling.

        Thatís what they do tell us.  This is what they donít tell us.  It is seldom mentioned that the Great Pyramid covers an area large enough to hold 10 football fields, 7 soccer fields, 27 miles of sidewalk, or 250 single story, two bedroom homes.  They do not go into much detail about things like this because they cant explain it   They cant explain how 47 centuries ago, with no surveying knowledge or technology, no earth moving, grading or leveling devices, and no understanding of geology that anyone could level a massive area almost 600,000 square feet level to within Ĺ of an inch of perfect.  Without tools and technology it would be almost impossible to level even a small parking lot with such accuracy. Almost 5000 years of incredible advances in construction techniques and equipment and it is doubtful such an achievement could be duplicated even today.  Major industrial contractors not only say it is not possible but are at a loss to explain how it could have been done originally.  And this is the foundation, the beginning, not the whole structure.  The way a builder starts the project, the accuracy of the layout, and the preparation of the site reflects the quality and craftsmanship of that builder.  And true to the start this incredible precision is carried throughout the Great Pyramid, bottom to top, inside and out.  Two and a half million blocks, none weighing less than a ton, for a combined total of 90 million cubic feet weighing 6.5 million tons, soaring to almost 500 feet, perfectly cut, transported and precisely placed so perfectly a razor cant fit in the joints.  And the Egyptians that supposedly built it didnít even have a wheel or a compass.  The reason they donít try to explain this is they canít and donít want to accept or admit the truth.  The orthodox hierarchy apparently thinks that its antiquated theories if repeated often enough will somehow magically become truth. Not to say that the majority of the public doesnít blindly accept the obviously impossible.  But all the titles, and positions, and publishing credits cant change one basic truth.  The technology and tools available in the 27th century BC could not and did not build the largest and most precise structure ever erected on this planet.  

KHUFU THE WORLD'S GREATEST ARCHITECT?

        The pharaoh who supposedly commissioned the project is a virtual unknown as is most of the information of his day.  There are few records of his reign and only vague references to his association with the Great Pyramid.  The only physical image of Khufu is a four inch high ivory seated figure, found in the temple of Abydos, some over 250 miles to the south of the Giza complex. There are also images of flying vehicles at Abydos.  Of the few written references to Khufu one is recorded on an ancient stone tablet called the 'Inventory Stele', found at Giza in the mid 1800s, now at the Cairo Museum.  It speaks of Khufu's restoration of a small temple in the Giza complex, and an indication that the Sphinx and the Sphinx Temple were already In existence in Khufu's day and also intimates that the Great Pyramid itself was a well established monument before his reign.  There are no records of his day even remotely referring to him as its builder.  Not until 2200 years after the supposed date of construction did anyone attempt to give him credit for this awesome feat.  Enter Herodotus, a Greek historian of the 5th century BC (a writer, not an anthropologist), who wrote  " The Histories ", a travel almanac he wrote while on an historical quest. He claims that 100,000 men spent 20 years putting this puzzle together. What we do know is that most of his writings about the Great Pyramid are based on interviews with priests.  No consideration is given to the fact that they are relating information about a time 22 centuries before.  Also there is the fact that the method of construction proposed is based on his personal speculation, not any given facts.  Knowing nothing about the true complexity of this structure all he did was put forth his very unlearned opinion.  Yet the experts, who simply repeat as facts what scientists, blindly accept his opinion as truth and engineers say is nothing more than factual heresy. It is a little known fact that Herodotus recorded that these same priests also spoke about other things. These priests told Heroditus that their priesthood had existed for over a hundred centuries and that before that the gods had been on Earth coexisting with mankind. Do we read in the authoritative writings that there was a real race of real gods living with mankind 11,000 years ago in Egypt?  No!  And why not, considering that their words about the authorship of the Great Pyramid are accepted as historical fact?  If their information about planet dwelling gods is true then what we have is a stunning revelation that would certainly change the course of history and alter the view of life for the entire world!  As a matter of fact it would confirm the very theories proposed by those that the orthodoxy considers as radical fringe. Not to mention that this would explain why we see highly advanced mathematics and engineering in this structure.  But if they donít talk about this aspect of the priestly interview and their divine revelations, (which obviously are more important than Khufu), then we must assume that they donít believe in the god living with man connection.  If this were suspect then logic would support the supposition that anything the priests spoke about should be questioned.  Khufu's name was found, under mysterious circumstances, on a granite slab above the ceiling of the main chamber of the Great Pyramid as some small roughly scribbled chalk marks that had a slight resemblance to a hieroglyphic symbol for the name of Khufu. However this discovery is suspect to say the least and appears to have been planted to further the career and not surprisingly to save the funding, of its author.  Most hieroglyph experts now believe this is a forgery perpetrated by Richard Howard-Vyse the man who found them. The discovery was instantly questioned because of its timing.  Apparently there had been a thorough search of the area of his find the day before but this incredible find went undiscovered until he returned the next day and spent time alone in the chamber. Also apparent was that Howard-Vyse was under pressure to equal the discoveries of the explorer Caviglia, who found inscriptions in tombs within the Giza complex.  Modern experts suspect this find was an attempt to win a battle for one-upmanship and counter severe financial pressure from an expensive and unfruitful project.  There is no reliable evidence that Khufu built this pyramid.   

THE MAGNIFICENT TOMB?

         The facts literally bury this fanciful notion that the pyramid was designed as a tomb. First, no evidence that it was ever intended to be a tomb for Khufu or anyone else exists.  The only remnant we have of this purported great architect and builder is the small statue found in a funerary complex near the Great Pyramid with inscriptions citing Cheops / Khufu as the reigning pharaoh of the time of the building of that complex. There is no mention of him being the builder of the Great Pyramid.  There were no articles, fragments, records, or traces of any kind showing any evidence that this pyramid was ever used for a burial, period!  Added to this weak foundation of theory is one overwhelming fact.  Within the 100+ pyramids in Egypt not one body has ever been found, not even inside sealed sarcophagi. On the Inventory Stele dated about 1500 BC, Khufu tells of discoveries made while clearing away the sands from the pyramid, of his dedication of the monument to Isis, and of his building of the three small pyramids for himself, his wife, and his daughters next to the Great Pyramid.   Again no mention that he was the builder of the Great Pyramid or that it was his personal mausoleum.  Not one of the rulers of the Egyptís fourth dynasty period put personal inscriptions on the pyramids supposedly built in their times.  However from the fifth dynasty forward the other pyramids were covered with text, leaving no question about which kings built them.  It defies logic that a man so enamored with himself that he builds the worldís largest structure to house his dead body would leave not one shred of evidence that he did it. Hardly what one would expect from historyís number one narcissist. No, it is more likely that Khufu only did what is truly recorded, digging it out of untold centuries of built up sand.      

                                          

HISTORY'S GREATEST CONSTRUCTION CREW?

        Of all the information commonly available about the Great Pyramid the methods of construction proposed by the 'experts' can probably be categorized as absolute and very bad fiction.  From the foundation it sits upon to watertight mantle that once covered it, every aspect of the Great Pyramid defies the primitive state of knowledge of the 27th century BC.  The tools required for such precision cutting of such massive stones simply did not exist.  The higher mathematics employed was not even known for many centuries in the future.  The equipment required to move and assemble the millions of components does not even exist today.  And we are expected to believe that without even the most basic tool, the wheel, and math so primitive that the number 0 had not even been discovered, they achieved a feat, which we may not be able to duplicate for decades if not centuries to come.  Just the design would take a computer to produce. Even a weekend handyman can testify that you canít do a job without the proper tools. You canít cleanly shear off the top of a granite mountain with copper chisels, but thatís what they claim was done.  They had no steel or explosives.  Brute strength, no matter how many bodies are working, and no matter how long it is applied wonít accomplish the impossible.  The one thing we can be certain about is this.  Not hundreds of thousands, or for that matter, not even hundreds of millions of slaves could have built this magnificent monument without technology they did not fathom, nor without tools they did not possess.  There is only one indicator of the possible age of the Great Pyramid other than speculation and hearsay. In the 1980ís the Great Pyramid was radiocarbon dated, not the stone, but the mortar.  Mortar can be used to date fragments of organic material, such as wood and carbon residue, which are sometimes found embedded in the mortar between the stone blocks.  The radiocarbon dates for the Great Pyramid ranged from 2853 to 3809 BC, the average being 3029 BC, which would make the pyramid some 400 years older than, is currently believed.  But two factors must be taken into this equation.  The reliability of radiocarbon dating has been called into question on many occasions so this must be considered in that light.  And of course the fact that the Ďmortar Ď has not been identified so what effect that has on the figures is unknown. Of more obvious concern are the why and the who which if discovered could greatly diminish the importance of the when.  

THE FORMULA

        A practical look at the scenario as speculated by Herodotus, is only fair, at least for the sake of objectivity.  Herodotus used the 20-year time frame.  Since we are told that the laborers were either slaves or fanatically dedicated to a god king we must therefore assume the crews were forging ahead with all possible speed.  Dawn to dusk is a good brisk pace and only logical considering the absence of light during the other 12 hours.  So let us assume they worked 12 hours a day.  To assume that they worked 365 days a year for twenty years straight in a super-heavy construction environment is really stretching it.  Floods, storms, (both water and dust varieties), earthquakes, and holidays (certainly Khufu had his share) would take their toll on progress.  Even modern building projects have their share of construction delays.  Every thing factored in and with good luck a year round average of 6 full days a week is a reasonable number for

Hereís the formula:

2,500,000 blocks divided by 20 years = 125,000 blocks per year.

125,000 blocks divided by 312 days per year = 400 blocks per day.

400 blocks divided by 12 hours per day = 33+ blocks per hour.

33 blocks per hour = 1 block bonded perfectly in place in less than two minutes.

        And placing the blocks in the precise position was not the only task. Each block weighing at least a ton was cut from a quarry using primitive tools, at best.  But right there we run into a serious snag.  They had no tools capable of cutting stone almost perfectly square and in the case of the outer blocks to fit a curved pattern especially to tolerances from .02 to .002 of an inch. To date no tools made form materials capable of cutting even the softest of stones used in the structure have ever been found and history tells us such technology did not exist. The only tools the "experts" claim they used were made of copper and bronze, metals that cannot cut stone. A modern carpentry saw is much harder than any metal the indigenous peoples of Egypt possessed yet such a saw could not stand up to the simple task of cutting a small red brick and could only scratch granite.

        Each of the 2.5 million blocks was transported 10 to 600 miles to the building site using no wheels, over forbidding terrain that would give a tank a run for its money. Since the closest quarries are 10 miles away and no stones weighed less than a ton the transporting of this volume of material over rough terrain was totally impractical and beyond realistic.  Trees were a limited commodity in Egypt and then mainly palm trees, which would be useless for construction purposes.  The closest usable trees were hundreds of miles away and would have taken a virtual armada of cargo vessels and a massive transportation network just to keep the wood supply flowing.  This fleet would be larger than all the sailing craft Egypt possessed in itís entire early history.

        Thirteen billion pounds of massive blocks had to be floated across the Nile River against a powerful downstream current in all conditions on barges bigger than those we have today with no power.  One of the serious questions posed is whether it was humanly possible to transport any of these massive stones across the Nile at all.  There is no evidence that we can build barges today that are large enough to float such tremendous weight in such shallow environs.  Each block was loaded on and off those barges without sinking them and with no cranes or winches.  Some of the blocks weighed in at 150,000 pounds or the weight of a modern locomotive. They had to be lifted up in the air, dropped on a barge, and then lifted off the barge across the river.  There is no evidence of the materials, lifting mechanisms, or navigation techniques that would be essential to such a massive marine operation. And there is no evidence that such technology existed in this society that was in a primitive state at best.

        Every piece was dragged uphill to 400 feet above river level and pushed or pulled up a 50-degree incline.  The orthodox explanation of how this was done involves the use of ramps.  Ramps might be the answer for at least this part of these feats of wonder that these primitive builders supposedly easily accomplished except for two problems.  First Danish engineer, P. Garde-Hanson, proposed that such a ramp would require 600 million cubic feet of material, this representing more than seven times the amount of material in the pyramid itself.  Secondly these imaginary ramps had to be removed, meaning that the material used for the ramps had to be put somewhere.  If such a pile were flattened out to a level of one foot it would spread out over an area of over twenty square miles. It has never been found and this much material simply cannot be hidden. Ramps were not used.

        Each component was then placed and cemented perfectly next to its neighboring blocks 1/50 of an inch away. But not just jostling into place. The stones were not chipped or gouged even on the corners which defies the reality that orthodox methods of placement present.  Dragging, rolling, levering, and hoisting with unsophisticated equipment and primitive tools would doubtless leave considerable damage on such finely cut surfaces.  Which means that the indigenous peoples of 2500 BC did not place these blocks.  Not to mention that the material they used to cement the blocks is of unknown origin. 

    And finally the most incredible feat each massive block was tailored from the beginning to fit exactly into a 2.5 million piece, 481 foot high, 90 million cubic foot, 13 billion pound, absolutely baffling, and amazingly accurate puzzle.  Each one of the above feats is a monumental technological accomplishment in its own right.  It is safe to say that even using the best technology and equipment available today that the Herodotus theory is impossible.  For the modern day orthodox pyramidologists to so readily accept and authoritatively teach this as doctrine is illogical.  So why teach it?  Perhaps they feel that spouting impractical theories is preferable to admitting ignorance.  Do they have the ivory tower complex and feel that the unworthy masses donít deserve the truth.  Whatever the reason it is wrong and they are wrong for teaching a ridiculous and downright laughable theory as truth.  

THE INEVITABLE CONCLUSION

        It is safe to say that just this cursory view of the Great Pyramid brings the fanatically accepted and widely disseminated orthodox doctrines of human builders into serious doubt.  With blustery pomposity and callous disregard for glaring contradictions to their antiquated theories they draw a shadowy veil over the worldís largest enigma.  And this is more serious than overprotective academic snobbery.  This is the largest and possibly oldest building on earth.  Considering the incredible engineering in this structure it makes no sense to tout a millenniums old hypothesis.  Many attempts have been made to try and duplicate the original builderís mysterious construction methods and have proven nothing.  What is telling have been attempts recently to just move some of the blocks in the structure for renovation purposes.  The blocks could not be shifted by any conventional techniques and had to be broken up into smaller pieces just to move them.  Demolition would be out of the question.  So what kind of an ego could insist that technologically ancient man could have built such a wonder when modern space age man canít even tear it down?  No, men did not build the Great Pyramid. Someone or something with knowledge and tools far beyond our understanding built it. All the doctorates, titles, publishing credits, and institutions in the world cannot and will not change that fact.

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