Ancient Astronomy
 

     Astronomy, considered to be the oldest of the physical sciences, is believed first developed to satisfy manís need for recording time over the long term.  By plotting the movement of the stars, sun, and moon proper seasons and time periods could be recorded and predicted.  Navigation also learned the value of astronomy.
     Following the orthodox view of history all this occurred in order of a timeline with the first big breakthrough coming with Galileo Galilei, (1564-1642). He was the first to use the telescope in astronomical observation and discovered craters on the moon, the true nature of planets, and the details of the sun.  He also contradicted the ancient belief of the perfection of the heavens and found himself the target of the Inquisition.  He was eventually forced to deny the truths he had discovered.
     The ancient civilizations from all that science reveals knew only the basics.  There is a sun, the moon, and stars hat move with regularity through the sky.  They did not know they were on a planet, orbiting a sun, which itself is a star.  They knew nothing about the other planets and only what the human eye could detect about the moon.
       But were ancient civilizations as ignorant as the experts would have us believe?  Did the ancients know considerably more and how did they learn it?  Were they visited by beings who taught them what we only discovered in modern times?  Or did all that knowledge just miraculously appear, then disappear?

The Great Pyramid and Star Catcher at Giza
    
The Great Pyramid of Giza and the Giza complex itself display a knowledge of astronomy not even possessed by the culture to which it's construction is attributed. 
    
Great Pyramid At Giza - Star Alignment
     The Great Pyramid - Symbolism Summary

    
Khufu's Shafts
    
Star Shafts in the Great Pyramid
    
Star Hopping in the Great Pyramid

Stonehenge
     One of about 900 megalithic circles in the British Isles
    
Sir J. Norman Lockyer's Stonehenge Alignments

     Was Stonehenge a Stellar Observatory

 Light box tombs
    
Tombs from primitive cultures are accurately aligned to capture the light from the Sun and the Moon.
   
 
The Light Box Tomb at Carrowkeel
   
 The Crantit Light Box Tomb and Here
    
Maeshowe and the Winter Solstice
    
The Newgrange Neolithic Complex in Ireland

Stone Circles
    
Stone circles are found all over the world but are heavily concentrated by the thousands in Europe.
     Callanish: Stonehenge of the North

     Alastair's Stone Circle Pages
     Stone Circles of The Gambia
     British Stone Circles
     Stone Circles and Cairns of Scotland

North American Ancient Astronomy
    
Astronomical knowledge was an integral part of the ancient cultures of North America.
    
Poverty Point, Louisiana, An Earthen Stonehenge
    
Mystery Hill - America's Stonehenge
     Astronomy at Chaco Canyon
     Solar Astronomy in the Prehistoric Southwest
    
Crack Cave in Colorado and Solar Alignments
    
Native American Star Knowledge
    
Mayan Astronomy
    
The Mayan culture had a knowledge of stars far beyond their primitive time.
    
The Maya Astronomy Page
    
Maya Astronomy and the Dresden Codex
    
Mayan Astronomy

Archaeoastronomy
    
The study of ancient astronomical knowledge and practice in ancient cultures.
     Introduction to Archaeoastronomy
     Archaeoastronomy Links

    
Archaeoastronomy, Ancient Astronomy and Ethnoastronomy Links
    Archaeoastronomy in Gotland Sweden

Medicine Wheels
    
Stone circles that have astonishing alignments.
    
Stone Wheels as Analog Star Computers

    
Mystery of the Medicine Wheels
    
Moose Mountain Medicine Wheel
    
Big Horn Medicine Wheel

Ancient Telescopes
    
Galileo was not the first.
    
Ancient Assyrian Telescope

    
Perfect Viking Telescope Lens

Ancient Observatories
    
Ancient observatories are found worldwide
.
    
Beijing Ancient Observatory and Here
    
Chichen Itza Observatory Detail

The Dogon
   
This "primitive" tribe had star knowledge only telescopes could detect.
   
Dogon Theory of Creation

   
Dogon tribe of Mali, Africa
  
 Dogon tribeí Star Fixation

World Star Knowledge
     The links presented in this section are but a small portion of those available.  Here are a few more,
     Ancient Structural Star Maps
     Babylonian Planetary Theory
     Ancient Astronomy in Japan
     The Mapmakers from the Ice Age
    
Astronomy Formulas
    
Ancient Egyptians and the Constellations

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